4 April: Ali Alshehri

Ali will be presenting his QP data this week and discussing his ICLC presentation: “Principle of Canonical Orientation, a Cross-Linguistic Study.”

ICLC Abstract:

This study presents evidence for language-specificity in the violability of the Principle of Canonical Orientation (POCO) (Levelt 1996). POCO claims that there is a restriction on the use of intrinsic frames of reference depending on the orientation of the entity that the intrinsic frames is derived from. Reference frames are conceptual coordinate systems that are projected onto ‘figures’ and ‘grounds’ (Talmy, 2000: 312) in order to orient the former and locate it with respect to the latter. In intrinsic frames of reference, the ground object is the anchor that the axes are derived from. It has been shown that different frames of reference strategies are more prevalent than others in different language communities (e.g. Levinson, 2003).

POCO states that for “the intrinsic system to refer to a relatum’s intrinsic dimension, that dimension must be in canonical position with respect to the perceptual frame of orientation of the referent” (Levelt 1996: 92). That is, for the axes of the coordinate system to be anchored to the ground object, the ground object must be in its canonical posture. This restriction stems from the disalignment of the vertical axes of the ground object and the figure’s perceptual frame of reference. Thus, POCO predicts that speakers would not produce descriptions such as (1) below to describe the picture in figure 1.

(1) The ball is above the chair

However, it has been found that such descriptions are indeed produced by speakers of different language communities such as English and Yucatec speakers (e.g. Carlson-Radvansky & Irwin 1993). Bohnemeyer & Tucker’s (2010) findings suggest that POCO is not an absolute constraint but rather a tendency. The data in the present study are from 7 languages (K’iche’, Yucatec, Zapotec, Spanish, Arabic, Mandarin, and Taiwanese). Participants produced spatial descriptions during a referential communication task in which a director describes photos so that a partner may select a match.

Initial results from the first five languages mentioned above show that speakers of all languages use the intrinsic frames significantly less when the ground object is in non-canonical orientations. It is, however, found that degree of adherence to POCO varies across different languages. For example, K’iche’ and Yucatec speakers violate POCO significantly more than Spanish or Hijazi Arabic speakers. This crosslinguistic variation could be explained in terms of a preference for egocentric virsus allocentric frames in small space-scale. Intrinsic reference in languages that prefer egocentric frames seems to only be available under specified conditions. This does not seem to be the case in languages where allocentric frames are more prevalent. These findings addresses possible cross-linguistic differences in utilizing the human body as model for spatial reference assignment.

14 February: Teenage Space Robots in Love

Special time! 12:30-2:00

Join us this week for a discussion of space and robots! We will be talking about readings from Spranger 2016: The evolution of grounded spatial language, available on our UBLearns site.

Juergen will present Chapter 10, Kate will present Chapter 11, and Stephanie will present Chapter 13.

Don’t have access to our UBLearns site? Email us!

16 December: Stats extravaganza

We’ll meet on Friday the 16th from 2:00-3:20 for a day of statistics!

Topics include:
* A first look at CAL ST Phase 3 data patterns (Erika)
* Isthmus data modelling overdrive (Randi)
* MesoSpace regression models tutorial (Jürgen, Kate)

19 October: Tim Tilbe and Juergen Bohnemeyer

This week we are back to a double-header! First, Tim will present a synopsis of the framework Croft & Cruse (2004) introduce for talking about meronymy and mereology.

Second, Juergen will present an exploration of pragmatic principles underlying academic prose. The idea is that the practices and constraints of the genre (PCG) can be “deduced” according to the formula PCG(academic prose) = Gricean Maxims + X, and the goal is to determine the most minimal statement of X that does the job. (50 minutes)